- 17 reefs were surveyed in the Cape Grenville sector.
- Sector-wide hard coral cover was high (30-50 %) having increased from moderate levels in 2020.
- Hard coral cover had increased on 13 reefs and had declined on four reefs.
- Levels of crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) had increased at two reefs and decreased at another two reefs.
- An Incipient Outbreak (IO) of COTS was recorded at one reef.
- Low levels of hard coral bleaching were observed.
Hard Coral Cover 0-10% 10-30% 30-50% 50-75% 75-100%
Figure 1: Map showing location of reefs in the Cape Grenville sector. Click the points for more information.
Table 1: Overview of results obtained from manta tow surveys of reefs in the Cape Grenville sector
|Cape Grenville Sector||Summary||Trend since last survey|
|Average Coral Cover (%)||34.8||Increased|
|COTS status:||0 Active Outbreaks, 1 Incipient Outbreaks||Increased|
As part of the Long-Term Monitoring Program (LTMP), manta tow surveys of hard coral cover and the abundance of the coral feeding crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS), Acanthaster cf. solaris were completed on 17 reefs were surveyed in the Cape Grenville sector of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) (Fig 1).
Preliminary results of the manta tow surveys are presented in Tables 1 and 2. The overall median hard coral cover for the sector was high (30-50%) (Table 1) (Fig 2) and had increased since previous surveys in 2020 (Fig 2).
Hard coral cover was very high (50 to 75%) on four reefs, high (30 to 50%) on five reefs, moderate (10-30%) on five reefs and low (0 to 10%) on three reefs (Table 2). Since the previous surveys hard coral cover had increased on 13 reefs and declined on four reefs (Table 2).
There were no Active Outbreaks of COTS. One Incipient Outbreak was recorded at Reef 11049S. Low numbers of COTS were also recorded at Middle Banks during manta tow surveys (Table 2). Sector-wide numbers of COTS were low and had increased since previous surveys (Table 1, Fig 2).
Low levels of coral bleaching were recorded at 11 reefs, restricted to scattered individual colonies.
Details of the manta tow method can be found in the Standard Operational Procedure No. 9 [AIMS Research - Crown-of-thorns Starfish and Coral Surveys - Standard Operational Procedure 9]. Further details of the Long-Term Monitoring Program can be found on the AIMS website.
Table 2: Summary of manta tow surveys of reefs in the Cape Grenville sector. Arrows indicate the trend in live coral cover and A. solaris since last survey; ▲ = increase, ▼ = decrease, " " = no change. Outbreak Status: NO no outbreak, PO potential outbreak >0.1 COTS per tow, IO incipient outbreak >.22 COTS per tow, RE recovering, AO = Active Outbreak>1 COTS per tow.
|Reef||Shelf Position||Tows||Previous survey year||Total A. solaris per reef||A. solaris per tow||A. Solaris Outbreak Status||Live Hard Coral Cover %||Soft Coral Cover %||Survey Year|
|CURD REEF||Inner||29||2019||0||0||NO||18.3 ▲||7.7 ▲||2021|
|ASHMORE BANKS (2)||Mid||10||2020||0||0||NO||62.4 ▲||8 ▲||2021|
|ASHMORE BANKS (3)||Mid||12||2020||0||0||NO||66.2 ▲||3.7 ▲||2021|
|MIDDLE BANKS (2)||Mid||10||2020||0||0||NO||31.2 ▼||2.9 ▼||2021|
|MIDDLE BANKS B (3)||Mid||12||2020||1||0.08 ▲||NO ▲||72.2 ▲||9.3 ▲||2021|
|PEARSON REEF||Mid||31||2020||0||0||RE||19.5 ▲||2.4||2021|
|QUOIN REEF(12027)||Mid||7||2017||0||0||NO||20.5 ▲||9 ▲||2021|
|LAGOON REEF||Outer||56||2020||0||0||NO||37.7 ▼||5 ▲||2021|
|LOG REEF (SOUTH)||Outer||91||2006||0||0||NO||24.5 ▲||4.6 ▲||2021|
|SECOND SMALL REEF||Outer||19||2020||0||0||NO||35.1 ▲||6.6 ▲||2021|
|ASHMORE BANKS (1)||Mid||11||2020||0||0||NO||60.3 ▲||3.7 ▲||2021|
|11049S||Mid||37||2020||12||0.32 ▲||IO ▲||6.7 ▲||2.8||2021|
|11162S||Mid||35||2020||0||0||NO||17.4 ▲||3 ▲||2021|
|MCSWEENEY REEF||Mid||24||2020||2||0.08 ▼||NO||5.6 ▲||2.3 ▼||2021|
|MONSOON REEF||Mid||28||2020||0||0 ▼||NO||7.1 ▼||2.1 ▼||2021|
|12071S||Outer||23||2020||0||0||NO||30.3 ▼||6.8 ▲||2021|
|MANTIS REEF||Outer||28||2020||0||0||NO||33.4 ▲||5.6 ▼||2021|
Figure 2: - Sector-wide changes in coral cover and the numbers of A. solaris for survey reefs in the Cape Grenville sector of the GBR. Orange trend line = Hard coral. Purple bars = Crown-of-thorns (COTS)